CR6.3

Indicator:

CR6.3 a. Before:Select and use a range of strategies before listening, reading, and viewing including:

  • tap, activate, and build prior knowledge (e.g., consider what is known and needs to be known about topic)
  • ask questions (e.g., generate questions to address the "needs to be known")
  • preview text (e.g., preview beginning events)
  • anticipate message and author's/presenter's intent (e.g., consider title and what is known about author)
  • predict what text will be about (e.g., consider the accompanying visuals and headings)
  • set purpose (e.g., set focus on what "need to and might learn" about topic).
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Indicator:

CR6.3 b. During: Select and use a range of strategies to construct, monitor, and confirm meaning including:

  • connect and construct meaning (e.g., make connections to own lives and contemporary issues and problems; make connections to self, text, and world)
  • note key ideas and what supports them (e.g., identify the problem, the key events, and the problem resolution; find important ideas and identify supporting details)
  • construct mental images (e.g., think critically about the writer's/presenter's use of language to evoke sensory images, feelings, or mood)
  • make, confirm, and adjust predictions (e.g., consistently make predictions using evidence from the text to support thinking; make predictions using text features)
  • make, confirm, and adjust inferences and draw conclusions (e.g., use stated or implied ideas to support interpretation of text; make judgements and draw conclusions about ideas in texts)
  • ask questions (e.g., ask questions to check understanding and evaluate text's message)
  • use cueing systems to construct meaning and self-monitor comprehension (e.g., self-monitor understanding and ask questions when meaning is lost; clarify the meaning of words and concepts, and check understanding)
  • adjust rate and/or strategy (e.g., match silent and oral reading rate to specific purpose and difficulty of text).
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Indicator:

CR6.3 c. After: Select and use a range of strategies to confirm and extend meaning including:

  • recall, paraphrase, summarize, and synthesize (e.g., remember information from factual texts and use strategies for remembering it; summarize main ideas to arrive at new understanding or conclusion; synthesize information from two different points of view)
  • reflect and interpret (e.g., think critically about conclusions)
  • evaluate (respond critically) (e.g., understand subtexts where the author is saying one thing but meaning another; draw conclusions about the validity of ideas and information; identify fact and opinion)
  • evaluate craft and techniques (e.g., recognize, understand, and discuss symbolism; understand how layout contributes to the meaning and effectiveness of texts)
  • respond personally (giving support from text) (e.g., support thinking beyond the text with specific evidence based on personal experience)
  • listen, read, or view again and speak, write, and represent to deepen understanding and pleasure (e.g., express opinion about ideas, themes, issues, and experiences presented in texts using examples from texts to support).
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Indicator:

CR6.3 d. Textual: Recognize and explain how structures and features of texts can work to shape understanding including form/genre, sequence of ideas, artistic devices (e.g., personification, figurative language, exaggeration, symbolism), elements (e.g., point of view, conflict, theme, supporting arguments), and text features (e.g., credits, headings, diagrams, glossaries, columns, sidebars, pull-quotes).

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Indicator:

CR6.3 e. Syntactical: Recognize and comprehend clear sentence structures that contain a verb and its subject; closely related ideas in compound structures that use conjunctions or joining words; complete sentences with appropriate modification; varied sentence beginnings; effective punctuation and capitalization including periods, commas, quotation marks, colons, dashes, and hyphens; and the word order and emphasis on particular words within a sentence.

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CR6.3 f. Semantic/Lexical/Morphological: Recognize and comprehend words that are appropriate for audience, purpose, and context and capture particular aspect of intended meaning; recognize common prefixes (e.g., anti, auto, pre, trans), suffixes (e.g., tion, ment), and root words (e.g., run, view); use reference tools to determine meaning of words; recognize words used figuratively (e.g., personification, similes, metaphors) and for imagery.

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Indicator:

CR6.3 g. Graphophonic: Recognize and comprehend word families and sound-symbol patterns and relationships.

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Indicator:

CR6.3 h. Other Cues: Recognize and comprehend non-verbal cues and body language, physical movement, gestures, facial expression, sound, and visual and multimedia aids to enhance presentations, and characteristic conventions of a variety of visual, multimedia, and print texts (e.g., labels, sidebars, diagrams)

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