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Science 5

Saskatchewan Curriculum - Grade 5

* The new Saskatchewan Science Curriculum is currently in Draft Mode and will be posted once it is ready. The draft copy can be found here.

Grade 5 Complete Faith Permeation Document (PDF) (DOC) (Teachers are strongly encouraged to use this document)

Unit: Heat
  • Describe the nature of heat.
  • Investigate the effects of heat energy on matter.
  • Explain the kinetic molecular theory.
  • Measure the temperature of various substances.
  • Recognize some sources of heat energy.
  • Describe the transfer of heat energy
  • Contrast conduction, convection, and radiation of heat energy.
  • Identify methods of heat conservation in buildings.

Unit: Matter and Its Changes
  • Describe the particle theory of matter.
  • Describe the atom as a basic unit of matter.
  • Explain the relationship between atoms and elements.
  • Distinguish between atoms and molecules.
  • Describe how molecules form.
  • Explain the relationship between molecules and compounds.
  • Investigate and describe the physical and chemical properties of matter.
      • Distinguish between physical properties and chemical properties of substances.
      • Identify some physical properties of objects.
      • Identify some chemical properties of objects.
      • Measure the mass and the weight of some objects.
      • Compare solutions with other mixtures.
      • Observe and describe some physical changes.
      • Observe and describe some chemical changes.
Unit: Plant Structure and Function
  • Describe the characteristics of vascular plants.
      • Identify the roots, stems, leaves and flowers of plants.
      • Observe and describe fibrous root systems and tap root systems.
      • Use leaves and seeds to identify plant species.
  • Explain some of the functions of the roots, stems, leaves, and flowers of plants.
      • Observe and describe the movement of water through a stem of a vascular plant.
      • Compare and contrast the processes of photosynthesis and respiration.
      • Describe the process of pollination and seed production.
      • Observe and describe plant adaptations.
      • Experiment with the variables which influence seed germination.
  • Describe agriculture in Saskatchewan as it relates to field and forage crops.
      • Identify some field crops and their products.
      • Recognize the importance of plants in the prevention of soil erosion.
Unit: Resources
  • Describe Saskatchewan's natural resources.
      • List examples of natural resources found in Saskatchewan.
      • Classify the natural resources of Saskatchewan as renewable or nonrenewable.
      • Distinguish between resources used to produce energy and those used to produce goods.
      • Recognize the global concern for air, soil, and water.
  • Describe human impact on the environment.
      • Describe the water cycle.
      • Identify water pollutants and their sources.
      • Recognize the importance of proper waste disposal.
      • Examine the technology of waste water treatment.
      • Describe air as a mixture of gases, vapours, and solid particles.
      • Identify common air pollutants and their sources.
      • Explain how soil can become polluted.
      • Describe some of the causes of soil erosion and soil degradation.
      • Identify methods of preventing soil loss.
      • Discuss the relationship between agriculture and soil, air, and water quality.
Optional Unit: Communities and Ecosystems
  • Understand the concept of the ecosystem.
      • Describe the habitat of a number of populations.
      • Identify and describe the niches of the populations comprising a community.
      • Discuss the factors which limit the population of a species.
  • Investigate and describe the ecosystem of the local community.
      • Identify and describe the animal, plant, fungi, algae, and protist populations in the local community.
      • Describe the niche of members of those populations.
      • Trace the changes in the local ecosystem.
Optional Unit: Human Circulation and Breathing
  • Describe the functioning of the circulatory system.
      • Identify the four chambers of the heart and the role of each chamber.
      • Describe the functions of the arteries, the capillaries, and the veins.
      • Observe and describe blood.
      • Explain the function of blood plasma and blood solids.
      • Discuss the difference in blood pressure in the arteries and the veins.
      • Describe some conditions which impair the efficiency of the circulatory system.
      • Describe some surgical process for repairing arteries.
      • Investigate the design of artificial hearts.
  • Describe the functioning of the respiratory system.
      • Identify the components of the respiratory system.
      • Describe the function of the diaphragm.
      • Describe the components of the lungs and windpipes.
      • Describe how the air is cleaned before it gets to the lungs.
      • Describe the process of inhalation and exhalation.
      • Describe some conditions which impair the efficiency of the respiratory system.
      • Investigate the technology of lung transplants.
  • Consider the interaction between the two systems.
      • Discuss the diffusion of gases.
      • Describe the diffusion of gases from the lungs to the capillaries and from the capillaries to the lungs. 
Optional Unit: Machines and Work
  • Explain the principles of simple machines.
      • Demonstrate how the three classes of levers work.
      • Demonstrate how to use pulleys to lift a mass.
      • Compare force required to lift objects directly and with simple machines.
      • Identify some common applications of simple machines.
      • Distinguish between simple and compound machines.
  • work done in moving objects.
      • Use a spring scale to measure force.
      • Define work.
      • Calculate the work done on an object.

 Optional Unit: Oceans

  • Describe the physical characteristics of the ocean.
      • Compare the contents of ocean water and fresh water.
      • Investigate the formation of waves.
      • Describe how tides form.
      • Consider the topography of the ocean floor.
      • Describe how the ocean influences climate.
  • Describe the diversity of life in the ocean.
      • Outline some marine food webs.
      • Investigate the effect of pollutants on life in the ocean.
General Resources